The effect of the Red Bull Ring on Formula 1 cars
By Tomas Mota 29 June 2020 | 13:13
The new Formula 1 season kicks off with two races at the Red Bull Ring in Austria. What exactly does this circuit look like and what technical properties does it have? Sky Italia lists what you need to know technically about the Austrian circuit.
First of all, it should be noted that in Austria the emphasis will be on the brakes: "The Red Bull Ring consists of slow corners and straight sections, and has three heavy braking points. These three points are relatively close together, which does not help it with the cooling of the brakes."
"The Red Bull Ring has three DRS zones again this year. One on the straight from the start finish line, one between turn one and turn two and the last between turn two and turn three", the Italian website continues. The ends of these three straights are therefore particularly challenging for the brake discs.
F1 engines on the limit in Spielberg
Mercedes has been relatively weak in Spielberg in recent years. The main reason is that the German racing team had problems with the cooling of the engines. In addition, the engine loses power at about 700 meters above sea level.
The engines lose between six and eight percent of the power because of the altitude in Spielberg. The lower airtightness can result in an increase in the pressure of the turbo. This allows the power unit to deliver a similar amount of horsepower overall. This reduced engine power can therefore be compensated with the turbo.
Why was it precisely the cooling that led Mercedes into trouble in 2019? The power units account for a large part of the performance in the Austrian circuit: "The circuit is particularly reliant on the engines because it runs at full speed about 74 percent of the time. This puts more pressure on the turbo and the MGU-H."
Tire wear at the Red Bull Ring
The tires are a variable that the teams have less to worry about, the Italian website predicts: "In principle, the Red Bull Ring is not very heavy for the tires. The degradation is relatively low."
"Most turns are clockwise, putting pressure on the right front tire and the right rear tire. However, the two toughest turns - turn four and turn five - are two turns to the left. This balances the degradation of the tires", they conclude. (Photo: Red Bull Content Pool / Getty Images)